Table of Contents:

  • Introduction
  • Causes of Liver Cancer
  • Detection Methods
  • Treatment Options
  • Dr. Garg’s Approach
  • Conclusion


Liver cancer is a serious and life-threatening condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Early detection and appropriate treatment are crucial for improving outcomes and survival rates. Dr. Parul Garg, a renowned interventional radiologist, has extensive experience in diagnosing and treating liver cancer. In this article, we will explore the causes, detection methods, and treatment options for liver cancer, as well as Dr. Garg’s unique approach to managing this disease.

Causes of Liver Cancer

Liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), can arise due to various factors. Chronic infection with hepatitis B or C is a leading cause, as these viruses can cause long-term liver damage and increase the risk of cancer. Other risk factors include excessive alcohol consumption, which can lead to cirrhosis, a condition characterized by scarring of the liver tissue. Additionally, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and certain genetic disorders like hemochromatosis can also elevate the risk of developing liver cancer.

Detection Methods

Early detection of liver cancer significantly enhances treatment success rates. Several methods are used to diagnose liver cancer:

  1. Imaging Techniques: Ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI are commonly used to detect tumors in the liver. These imaging techniques provide detailed pictures of the liver, helping doctors identify suspicious areas that may require further investigation.
  2. Blood Tests: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a protein that is often elevated in patients with liver cancer. Measuring AFP levels can aid in the diagnosis, although it is not definitive on its own.
  3. Biopsy: A biopsy involves taking a small sample of liver tissue for examination under a microscope. This procedure can confirm the presence of cancer cells and help determine the stage of the disease.

Treatment Options

The treatment of liver cancer depends on the stage and extent of the disease. Several options are available:

  1. Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor or a liver transplant can be curative for early-stage liver cancer.
  2. Ablation: Ablation techniques, such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA), use heat to destroy cancer cells. These are minimally invasive procedures that can be effective for small tumors.
  3. Embolization: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radioembolization deliver chemotherapy or radioactive particles directly to the tumor, cutting off its blood supply and shrinking it.
  4. Systemic Therapies: Targeted therapies and immunotherapy are used for advanced liver cancer. These treatments help slow the progression of the disease and improve quality of life.

Dr. Garg’s Approach

Dr. Parul Garg employs a comprehensive and personalized approach to liver cancer treatment. She integrates the latest advancements in interventional radiology to provide minimally invasive and effective treatments. Dr. Garg collaborates closely with a multidisciplinary team to tailor treatment plans to each patient’s unique needs, ensuring the best possible outcomes.


Liver cancer is a complex disease that requires a multifaceted approach for effective management. With early detection and advanced treatment options, patients have a better chance of overcoming this condition. Dr. Parul Garg’s expertise in interventional radiology plays a crucial role in improving the lives of those affected by liver cancer. By staying informed about the causes, detection methods, and treatments, patients can make empowered decisions about their health.

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